What is Forex?

The Foreign Exchange (FOREX) market is by far the largest market in the world. The $4 trillion average daily turnover dwarfs the daily turnover of the American stock and bond markets combined.

There are many reasons for the popularity of foreign exchange trading, but among the most important are:

  1. The available margin trading
  2. The 24-hour a day 5 days a week liquidity
  3. And low if any commissions.

Of course many commercial organizations are participating purely due to the currency exposures created by their financial institutions accounts on their import and export activities.

Investing in foreign exchange remains predominantly a domain of the big professional players in the market such as hedge funds, banks and brokers.

Nevertheless, any investor with the necessary knowledge is and complete understanding of this market can benefit from this exciting arena.

What is Currency Trading

Currency trading is done, when a trade off is made against the strength and weakness of two or more opposing currencies. For example the currency trading of the Euro against the US dollar or that of the Japanese Yen.

In order for a Forex trader to be successful in currency trading, he needs to look at the market trends and try to analyse where and in what direction he might think that the market is going to go.

There are many factors which can (and do) contribute to the daily currency trades being made, and these can have almost immediate effects to the currency trader. In the world of online forex  trading such factors could be:

  • The outbreak of war
  • Natural (sometimes called Acts of God, in insurance terminology) disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, typhoons
  • Secessions and the breaking of trade blocs as recently witnessed with Britain’s exit from the Euro bloc (Brexit)

All these factors impact directly on the supply and demand of currencies and commodities. For example, war could interfere with the supply and delivery of crude oil. Terror acts also play a role in currency trading. Although, traders today, and after 9/11 tend to take such things more in their stride now, and the currency trading markets usually correct themselves pretty quickly today.

In internet forex trading, an exchange rate represents the value of one currency against that of another. An exchange rate fluctuates over time.

The US dollar is the most traded currency in the world and we can look at the value relative to a third currency, which may be obtained by dividing the US dollar rate for that of another.

For example, if there a 120 Japanese yen to the dollar and 1.2 euros to the dollar, then the number of yen per Euro is 120/1.2 = 100.

The magnitude of numbers is not, by themselves, indicative of the strengths or weaknesses of any particular currency. Meaning that the US dollar could be rebased tomorrow, so that one new dollar was worth one hundred old dollars.

All the numbers, in the table, would be multiplied by one hundred – this does not suggest, however, that all the world’s currencies just got weaker. One way or another, currency trading is almost as old as mankind itself.

What is Margin Trading?

Foreign exchange trading is normally undertaken on the basis of margin trading or gearing.

A relatively small deposit is required in order to control much larger positions in the market. This is possible because when you buy one currency you sell another.

Margin requirements are set by your broker and vary from as little as 1% to 10% margin.

This means that in order to trade 1,000,000 USD on 1 % margin, you need to place just 10,000 USD by way of security.

That same security of 10,000 USD, traded on a 10% margin could control up to 100,000 USD worth of one currency against another currency.

Forex trading training in kenya

For convenience sake, let’s say that you’re studying the EURO and your trading strategies are telling you that the prices will rise or rally, during a given time frame. You buy the EUR/USD pair or, technically speaking; you will simultaneously buy euros as the base currency and sell dollars.

So, you open up your trading platform, which is usually provided for you free by your online forex broker, and you then see that that the EUR/USD pair’s are trading at EUR/USD: 1.3242/45, for example. It is important to remember that the quote (1.3242) on the left, is the bit or “sell” price, which you obtain, when in USD’s when you sell EUR’s. the quote, on he right (1.3245), is used to obtain the ask or the “buy” price, which is what you have to pay in USD if you buy EUR.

Based on the belief that the market price for the EUR/USD pair will climb, you then enter a “buy position” in the market. Simply put, let’s assume that you’ve bought one lot at 1.3245 and as long as you sell the pair at a higher price; then you’ve made some money.

This seemingly complicated process is handled and calculated for you, via your broker’s software and trading platform. The charts and quotes board software should be in agreement with all currency sides.

Let’s have a look at this type of scenario, involving the USD/JPY currency pair. Remember, selling (“going short”) the currency pair implies selling the first base currency and then buying the second, quote currency. If you believe that the base currency (USD) will go down, relative to the quote (JPY) currency or, equivalently , you believe that the quote (JPY) currency will go up, relative to the (USD) base currency, then you sell or “go short”.

NOTE: while the Profit Calculations, on the Short-sell trade scenario below, may seem somewhat complicated if you’ve never been in the FOREX market before, trust us when we say, “this process is nearly seamless through your broker trade station (software). We’re just showing you this thought-process below so you can SEE how a PROFIT occurs even when. also view Forex Education.

Selling a Currency Pair. The current bid/ask price for USD/JPY is 105.26/105.30, meaning you can buy $1 US for 105.30 Japanese YEN or sell $1 US for 105.26 YEN. Suppose you decide that the US Dollar (USD) is overvalued against the YEN (JPY). To execute this strategy, you would sell Dollars (simultaneously buying YEN), and then wait for the exchange rate to rise.

So you make the trade: selling US $100,000 and purchasing 10,526,000 YEN. (Remember, at 1% margin, your initial margin deposit would be $1,000.). as you expected, USD/JPY falls to 104.26/104.30, meaning you can now buy $1 US for $104.30 Japanese YEN or sell $1 US for 104.26.

Since you’re short dollars (and are long YEN), you must now buy dollars and sell back the YEN to realize any profit. You buy US $100,000 at the current USD/JPY rate of 104.30, and receive 10,430,000 YEN. Since you originally bought(paid for) 10,526,000 YEN, your profit is 96,000 YEN.

To calculate your P&L in terms of US dollars, simply divide 96,000 by the current USD/JPY rate of 104.30. Total profit = US $920.42.

In a nutshell forex trading is really just that – foreign exchange currency trading, which today we know as Forex.

The forex market found popularity in the mid nineties and has gained in sophistication and momentum since then. It has become something of an immeasurable entity, with millions going online to trade on the forex market on an almost daily basis.

As a result, the forex market now trades billions of dollars, pounds, or whatever currency you care to name twenty-four hours a day, and the only time it’s closed is at the weekend.

However, worldwide time differences, mean that the shop, which is forex, is hardly ever closed. Therefore, the forex market is not a fixed, physical, entity.

And here is the difference between online currency trading and a physical trading market place like say, the New York Stock Exchange, The City of London, or the Tokyo Stock Exchange, where the traders are limited to the trading hours of these places.

In contrast, the world of the internet forex trading has no such limitations. The internet market permits one to trade from anywhere there happens to be an Internet connection; be it from home, an Internet cafe, or even from one’s work place, in the office.

There are numerous online currency trading platforms, from which to choose from, and it could be said that each online currency trader, has his/her favourite. For those new to forex trading, however, the choice should be made with care, and it is always advisable to try the various “demo” versions as fully as possible.

It must be said, thought that as well as having the possibility to make and take profit(s) from on-line currency trading, it is also possible to incur losses as well, so be careful and never spend more than you can easily afford to lose.

In Summary

Internet forex trading is purchasing one currency, for another, with the view of making a profit against the weakness of the currency one’s purchasing.

However, because the market can change within the wink of an eye – one has to have an agile mind, confidence, and to possess awareness of world and up to the minute financial affairs.

The online forex market can and will have sharp reactions to terrorist acts, for example and/or acts of God, for example hurricanes, which could upset crude oil supply and delivery.

And, although the markets now readily adjust to such affairs these days; the sudden drops and spikes, as a result, very often could and do, take one by surprise, nevertheless – even the most experienced of traders.

An average of $1.9 trillion is traded on Forex market daily, thus making it the world’s biggest market, and although anyone can now join in on online currency trading, the biggest players – day in day out, are the banks, which range from commercial to investment institutions as well as, registered, futures commission merchants.

How to start earning from forex trading in kenya

Forex trading in Kenya has in the last ten years taken off as a result of penetration pf internet. Unlike the years gone by, almost every Kenyan has access to the internet.

Additionally, the options and trading applications and platforms, now on offer from the abundance of web sites promoting their services – quite literally spoils one for choice.

But what is Forex trading?

Forex trading in its simplest form is trading one currency against another currency. Traders profit from the fluctuations in the value of the different currencies.

The internet forex trading of today can be traced back to the time when man first started trading one or several items in exchange for others. This was and is known as bartering and that’s how things continued until the introduction of money.

The origins of the word money stem from the Latin word, “moneta,” which in turn comes from the Greek temple of “Hera the Moneta.” And this is where money first came from, in the early days of Rome.

Money, in itself, must be a scarce good and many items have been used as money, from naturally scarce metals and minerals, to conch shells and cigarettes, to artificial banknotes; i.e. paper money.

Money is, in its crudest form, a token – an abstraction and perhaps the most popular of that is the form of paper money, in the design of banknotes, which is the most common sign of physical money. Gold and silver retain, however, many of the essential properties of money. An example of cigarettes, being used as “money,” may be found in many prisons, where the usual forms of coins and notes are prohibited, from being held by their inmates.

Bartering, however, has several problems, most notably timing constraints. If you wish to trade fruit for wheat, you can only do this when the fruit and wheat are both available at the same time and place. That may be a very brief time, or it may be never. With an intermediate commodity (whether it be shells, rum, gold, etc.) you can sell your fruit when it is ripe and take the intermediate commodity. You can then use the intermediate commodity to buy wheat when the wheat harvest comes in. Thus the use of money makes all commodities become more liquid.

Forex trading is where (as already mentioned), one currency is bought and sold against the fluctuation rate of that of another, on the international currency exchange market, with the idea of selling one currency against the other for profit. Money has always been traded, through the centuries. However, this was, until the advent of the Internet; usually the exclusive domain of the rich and that of their brokers. Before the Internet, anyone wishing to make a currency exchange, went through an agent, known as a broker, who bought and sold, at what he thought were the best rates of exchange. For this, they extracted a fee, unusually via of a percentage of the total sum of the deal.

The forex trading market I always in a continuous state of flux due to the continuous rates of variability on the foreign markets and this as a direct result of supply and demand and, amongst other things, domestic stocks, and international trade patterns, tendencies, and movements.

Today, with the richness and abundance of the Internet, anyone can become their own forex trader, from the comfort of their own home, start trading and stand a good possibility of making money, after a little trail and experience.

Forex trading, on the Internet really started to take off, in the mid-nineties and at that time there were only a handful of web sites, with (in comparison to today’s usage) a handful of people. These people started trading from home, during the day, and rapidly became known as Day Traders and all of this really got started in the US. For many forex trading even became a way of life, with many giving up their regular jobs, and making money for themselves, in real time and at home.

With the advent of broadband, with good and secure high speed connections becoming a forex trader is not difficult and simply requires a degree of understanding of how the markets work, spotting what the tendencies are and making a trade on what you think is going on in the forex market. Forex trading is no longer the exclusive domain of the rich and their brokers – rather it there to be used by one and all, with a degree of intellect, and an aptitude for spotting market trends, and making a trade on what he or she thinks will happen to that currency next.

Hey, I am a Beginner. How Do I Invest in Online Forex Trading in Kenya?

Have you ever come across a person who asks this question? Maybe you haven’t because you are also new to online forex trading. You are probably also looking for a person to guide you.

But if you were in my position, this type of questions has everything skewed up. I normally do not answer such questions, but if I could, I would have only one answer for such people: “What…? You mean you are a newbie? Well, go and invest your money elsewhere. You will never become a profitable forex trader!”

Asking questions like this one is utter nonsense.

You may call me rude, pessimistic or arrogant, but such a trader will lose. Yes, you will lose, if you are the kind of person who asks such questions.

It is obvious that such a person has not bothered him/herself to even push a single keyboard key to find out about online forex trading.

Such a person does not want to tire their brain doing research for themselves and gathering information about online forex trading.

Such a person does not consider other people’s time to be valuable. How can s/he expects other people to be the ones to answer these basic questions about forex trading?

And this is the sole reason why they will lose. A person with such an attitude and ‘exceptional’ research knowledge may never become a profitable forex trader.

An investor is a die-hard researcher at heart. An investor keeps an open mind and has the ability to find all the answers by him/herself.

Before you ask such dumb questions, remember that Google is your best friend. Type your question on the search engines, and 10/10 times, the answer will be right there in the search engine results.

5 Incredible Tips That You Must Master to Be Successful in Forex Trading in Kenya

There are two type of investors in the forex market. Those who learn all there is to learn about the market, and those who approach forex trading as if it was a gamble. They do not take their time to learn. To them, investing in forex is not so much unlike spinning the roulette. They click blindly on the charts and wait for Lady Luck to bless them with profits.

Wrong approach. Traders who do not learn end up making massive losses.

If you want to separate yourself from this sad group of ‘trader’s, you should take your time to learn how the forex market operates.

Here are 12 most important things that you should take time to learn:

1. Develop Your Trading Plan

By failing to plan, you are planning to fail- Benjamin Franklin

I’ll illustrate the importance of having a trading plan with situations that I encounter almost on a daily basis.

When new traders discover an uptrend in the market, they usually ask something like, “ The EUR/USD is on an uptrend, where should I enter the market?” My reply is usually, “What amount of risk/reward ratio are you willing to place on a trade?”

This reply catches them by surprise. Most forex traders in Kenya concentrate so much on being right and forget that they could be wrong. The market could go against you or it could hit a top and turn right back.

Without a trading plan, it means that you do not know what to do not only if a trade goes against you, but also when a trade goes your way. Big profits on paper could turn into massive loses when you do not have a trading plan.

Here are a few important points that I use when developing a trading plan. Feel free to borrow from the list when you are developing your own trading plan:

  • I always make sure that I know where and how to enter the market.
  • I always know what amount of money I can put to risk on any particular trade
  • I know when to leave if the market does not go my way
  • I know how much profit I am expecting from every trade if I am right
  • I always protect my profits by placing a trailing stop loss on my orders

These are just but a few of the things that go into developing a trading plan.

2. Have an Aggressive Money Management Strategy

Money management is one of the most important aspects of online forex trading. It is the one thing that will make or break your career as a forex trader. Unfortunately, a lot of traders enter into trades without taking money management into consideration.

If you are serious about trading, you have to learn how to manage your money.

Good money management starts way before you open a live trading account. It should start even before you are trading on a demo account. Good money management should start when you decide that you want to invest in online forex trading.

How, you ask?

Suppose that you had $20,000 that you have decided is a good starting capital for your online forex portfolio, would you put all the money on your forex trading account? You’d be putting yourself at an aggravated risk by doing so. What happens next if you lose all the money in the account for whichever reason? What if your forex broker goes broke bankrupt, closes the company and never pays back your money?

Or what happens if you accidentally take a 20 lots position and forget to set a stop loss?

If $20,000 is all you have to start trading, you should consider opening an account with a maximum of $1000. You can always inject more money into the account as you see necessary or when you have gained substantial trading experience.

The second most important factor to consider when managing your money is leverage. While it is possible to get accounts with leverage as high as 1:500, a huge leverage is a double-edge sword and usually a reserve of seasoned and aggressive forex traders in Kenya.

As a general rule of thumb, you should never risk more than 2% of your account in any one single trade.

Learning the art and science of money management will determine how you prosper in forex.

3. Make use of stop loss orders

With so much activity going in the forex market and so many a facets of setting up a trade, it is sometimes possible to forget the small things like setting protective stop loss orders on your trades. Apart from mitigating your losses, a stop loss order also lifts the burden of monitoring your trades from you. With proper stop loss orders, you can set up your trades and move on to other things, leaving your trade to play.

What is a stop loss order?

Trading online forex with your real hard earned cash is a serious business, and it should be taken seriously. As such, you should take time to familiarize yourself with the different trade management tools that you have at your disposal.

A stop loss order is an order that you place on your active trades to prevent further losses. The stop loss closes your position in case the market moves against you and reaches your specified level of acceptable loss.

As an example, if you decide to go long on the USD/JPY at 109.58, you could set a stop loss at 106.58. If the market goes against you and reaches this level, your trade would automatically be closed, preventing further losses.

Most importantly, a stop loss order eliminates one of the hugest barriers to trading: emotions. Many traders tend to fall in love with their trades, believing that the trades will turn around. They hold on losing positions for far too long, and pay dearly for it.

To become a successful forex trader, you have to learn not only how to place stop loss orders on your open positions, but also where to place the stop loss orders. To tight of a stop loss means that your stop loss will be hit by the slightest drawdowns or noise in the market, while spaced out stop loss orders could lead to insufferable losses on your account. The art of the stop loss is one of the main lessons we teach traders during our paid training sessions.

4. Close your profit-making trades at the right time

Closely related to the art of putting stop losses on your trades is the art of taking your profits at the right time. One of the biggest blunders among new forex traders is that they take tiny profits too soon but allow their losing trades run.

When is the right time to take your profits?

The right time to take your profits will be dictated by your trading plan. Before you enter your trade, you should have a predetermined entry and exit points. This reduces the impact of emotions on your trades.

Your trading style also determines when you should take your profits. For scalpers, taking profits as soon as possible is an excellent strategy, but if you are a swing trader, you might want to let your trades run for longer.

5. Exercise Proper Trading Discipline

A lot of forex traders in Kenya end up burning their accounts not because they were not trained properly in the forex course, but because they lack the proper trading discipline. It is hard to become a successful forex trader unless you learn how to be disciplined, how to stick you your trading plan and how to substract emotions from trading.

One of the best exercises to help you develop stellar discipline is to watch the markets the whole day without taking a trade, even when you have an excellent entry set up. Repeat this several times every month and you should be on your way to becoming the next successful forex trader in Kenya.